This article provides useful advice on how to avoid some common problems encountered in Ramadhan. If followed, it would enable one to fast comfortably and enjoy fully the spiritual benefits of Ramadhan. During the holy month of Ramadhan, our diet should not differ very much from our normal diet and should be as simple as possible. The diet should be such that we maintain our normal weight, neither losing nor gaining. However, if one is over-weight, Ramadhan is an ideal time to normalise one's weight. In view of the long hours of fasting, we should consume slow digesting foods including fibre containing-foods rather than fast-digesting foods. Slow digesting foods last up to 8 hours, while fast-digesting foods last for only 3 to 4 hours. Slow-digesting foods are foods that contain grains and seeds like barley, wheat, oats, millet, semolina, beans, lentils, whole meal flour, unpolished rice, etc. (called complex carbohydrates). Fast-burning foods are foods that contain sugar, white flour, etc. (called refined carbohydrates). Fibre-containing foods are bran-containing foods, whole wheat, grains and seeds, vegetables like green beans, peas, sem (papry), marrow, mealies, spinach, and other herbs like methie, the leaves of beetroot (iron-rich), fruit with skin, dried fruit especially dried apricots, figs and prunes, almonds, etc. The foods eaten should be well-balanced, from each food group, i.e. fruits, vegetables, meat/chicken/fish, bread/cereals and dairy products. Fried foods are unhealthy and should be limited. They cause indigestion, heartburn, and weight problems.


• Fried and fatty foods. • Foods containing too much sugar. • Over-eating especially at sehri. • Too much tea at sehri. Tea makes you pass more urine taking with it valuable mineral salts that your body would need during the day. • Smoking cigarettes. If you cannot give up smoking, cut down gradually starting a few weeks before Ramadhan. Smoking is unhealthy and one should stop completely.

• Complex carbohydrates at sehri so that the food lasts longer making you less hungry. • Haleem is an excellent source of protein and is a slow-burning food. • Dates are excellent source of sugar, fibre, carbohydrates, potassium and magnesium. • Almonds are rich in protein and fibre with less fat. • Bananas are a good source of potassium, magnesium and carbohydrates.

• As much water or fruit juices as possible between iftar and bedtime so that your body may adjust fluid levels in time. Remedies

Constipation can cause piles (haemorroids), fissures (painful cracks in anal canal) and indigestion with a bloated feeling. Causes: Too much refined foods, too little water and not enough fibre in the diet. Remedy: Avoid excessive refined foods, increase water intake, use bran in baking, brown flour when making roti.

Causes: Over-eating. Too much fried and fatty foods, spicy foods, and foods that produce wind e.g. eggs, cabbage, lentils, carbonated drinks like Cola also produce gas. Remedy: Do not over-eat, drink fruit juices or better still drink water. Avoid fried foods, add ajmor to wind-producing foods.
LETHARGY ('low blood pressure')

Excessive sweating, weakness, tiredness, lack of energy, dizziness, especially on getting up from sitting position, pale appearance and feeling faint are symptoms associated with "low blood pressure". This tends to occur towards the afternoon. Causes: Too little fluid intake, decreased salt intake. Remedy: Keep cool, increase fluid and salt intake. Caution: Low blood pressure should be confirmed by taking a blood pressure reading when symptoms are present. Persons with high blood pressure may need their medication adjusted during Ramadhan. They should consult their doctor.


Causes: Caffeine and tobacco-withdrawal, doing too much in one day, lack of sleep, hunger usually occur as the day goes by and worsens at the end of the day. When associated with "low blood pressure", the headache can be quite severe and can also cause nausea before Iftar. Remedy: Cut down caffeine and tobacco slowly starting a week or two before Ramadhan. Herbal and caffeine-free teas may be substituted. Reorganise your schedule during the Ramadan so as to have adequate sleep.


Weakness, dizziness, tiredness, poor concentration, perspiring easily, feeling shaky (tremor), unable to perform physical activities, headache, palpitations are symptoms of low blood sugar. Causes in non-diabetics: Having too much sugar i.e. refined carbohydrates especially at suhur (sehri). The body produces too much insulin causing the blood glucose to drop. Remedy: Eat something at sehri and limit sugar-containing foods and drinks. Caution: Diabetics may need to adjust their medication in Ramadan, consult your doctor.


Causes: Inadequate intake of calcium, magnesium and potassium foods. Remedy: Eat foods rich in the above minerals e.g. vegetables, fruit, dairy products, meat and dates. Caution: Those on high blood pressure medication and with kidney stone problems should consult their doctor.


Increased acid levels in the empty stomach in Ramadhan aggravate the above conditions. It presents as a burning feeling in the stomach area under the ribs and can extend up to the throat. Spicy foods, coffee, and Cola drinks worsen these conditions. Medications are available to control acid levels in the stomach. People with proven peptic ulcers and hiatus hernia should consult their doctor well before Ramadhan.


Kidney stones may occur in people who have less liquids to drink. Therefore, it is essential to drink extra liquids so as to prevent stone formation.
Causes: During Ramadhan, when extra Salâh are performed the pressure on the knee joints increases. In the elderly and those with arthritis this may result in pain, stiffness, swelling and discomfort. Remedy: Lose weight so that the knees do not have to carry any extra load. Exercise the lower limbs before Ramadhan so that they can be prepared for the additional strain. Being physically fit allows greater fulfillment, thus enabling one to be able to perform Salâh with ease.






In the month of Ramadaan it is very important that we spent a few moments to understand some of the wisdoms and lessons that we can learn from this month of fasting. Unfortunately, many Muslims come in to this month and they are as a companion of the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "Let it not be that the day that you fast and the day that you break fast be equal." Meaning, one's behaviour, attitude and outlook are the same whether one fasts or not, i.e. fasting has no effect upon that person. This is why we need to reflect on some of these lessons.

LESSON 1: Gaining Taqwaa

Allaah legislated fasting for gaining taqwaa, "O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed upon you as it has been prescribed upon those before you, so that you may attain taqwaa." (meaning of SoraatulBaqarah (2):183) Taqwaa in this case means to make a shield between oneself and Allaah’s anger and Hellfire. So we should ask ourselves, when we break our fasts, ‘Has this fasting day made us fear Allaah more? Has it resulted that we want to protect ourselves from the hellfire or not?

LESSON 2: Drawing closer to Allaah

This is achieved by reciting and reflecting on Al-Qur’aan during night and day, attending the taraaweeh prayers, remembering Allaah, sitting in circles of knowledge and, for those who can, making `umrah. Also for those who can, making I`tikaaf (seclusion) in the last ten nights of Ramadaan, so as to leave all worldly pursuits and seclude oneself in a masjid just thinking of Allaah, so as to bring oneself closer to Allaah (SWT). When one sins, one feels distant from Allaah. That is why one might find it heard to read the Qur’aan and come to the masjid. However, the obedient worshipper feels closer to Allaah and wants to worship Allaah more, because he is not shy from his sins.

LESSON 3: Acquiring patience and strong will

Allaah has mentioned patience more than seventy times in the Qur’aan and has commanded patience in more than sixteen ways in His Book. So when one fasts, and gives up one’s food and drink, and one’s marital sexual relations for those hours, one learns restraint and patience. This Ummah needs man and women that are strong willed, who can stand upon the Sunnah and the Book of Allah and not waver in front of the enemies of Allaah. We do not need emotional people, who just raise slogans and shout, but when the time comes to stand upon something firm, they cannot do so, they waver.

LESSON 4: Striving for Ihsaan (righteousness and sincerity) and staying away from riyaa’ (showing off)

Ihsaan means to worship Allaah as if one seeks Him, and even though one does not see Him, He sees all. Hasan al-Basree said, "By Allaah, in the last twenty years, I have not said a word or taken something with my hand or refrained to take something with my hand or stepped forth or stepped back, except that I have thought before I have done any action, ‘Does Allaah love this action? Is Allaah pleased with this action?' So when one is fasting, one should gain this quality of watching oneself and also staying away from riyaa’ (showing off). That is why Allah said in a hadeeth qudsee, "Fasting is for Me and I reward it." (al-Bukhaaree)
Allaah singles out fasting from all other types of worship saying, "Fasting is for Me", because no one knows whether you are fasting or not, except Allaah. For example, when one is praying or giving charity or making tawaaaf, one can be seen by the people, so one might do the action seeking the praise of the people.
Sufyaan ath-Thawree used to spend the nights and the days crying and the people used to ask him, "Why do you cry, is it due to the fear of Allaah? He said, ‘No.’ They said, "Is it due to the fear of the Hellfire?" He said, ‘No. It is not the fear of Hellfire that makes me cry, what makes me cry is that I have been worshipping Allaah all these years and doing scholarly teaching, and I am not certain that my intentions are purely for Allaah.’"

LESSON 5: Refinement of manners, especially those related totruthfulness and discharging trusts.

The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action, then Allaah (SWT) has no need that he should heave his food and drink." (al-Bukhaaree) What we learn from this, is that we must pay attention to the purification of our manners. The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "was sent to perfect good manners." (Maalik) So we must check ourselves, are we following the behaviour of the Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him)? For example:
Do we give salaam to those we don’t know and those we do know? Do we follow the manners of Islaam, by telling the truth and only telling the truth? Are we sincere? Are we merciful to the creation?

LESSON 6: Recognizing that one can change for the better

The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "Every son of Adam sins and the best of the sinners are those whorepent." (Ibn Maajah) Allaah provides many opportunities to repent to Him and seek His forgiveness. If one was disobedient they can become obedient.

LESSON 7: Being more charitable

Ibn `Abaas said, "The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) was the most charitable amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadaan when Jibreel used to meet him on every night of Ramadaan till the end of the month…" (al-Bukhaaree) The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "He who gives food for a fasting person to break his fast, he will receive the same reward as him, without nothing being reduced from the fasting person’s reward." (at-Tirmidhee)

LESSON 8: Sensing the unity of the Muslims
The Prophet (may Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "…Those of you who will live after me will see many differences. Then you must cling to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided khaleefahs. Hold fast to it and stick to it." (Aboo Daawood) In this month we sense that there is a possibility for unity, because we all fast together, we break fast together, we all worship Allah together, and we pray Salaatul-`Eid together. Therefore we sense that the unity of Muslims is possible. It is possible for Muslims to be a single body, but this will only be achieved when obedience is only to Allaah and His Messenger.

LESSON 9: Learning discipline
The Prophet (ma Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) made us adhere to discipline and strictness, strictness that does not lead to fanaticism or going outside the bounds that Allaah has laid down. One cannot knowingly break the fast before the sunset, as this will not be accepted by Allaah. Muslims should learn to be very strict in their lives, because they are people of an important message, which they mold their lives around.

LESSON 10: Teaching the young to worship Allaah

It was the practice of the people of Madeenah, that during the fast of `Aashooraa (which is now a recommended fast of one day) to get their children to fast with them. When the children would cry of hunger and thirst, their parents would distract their attention by giving them some sort of toy to play with. The children would break their fast with their parents. (as mentioned in al-Bukhaaree). So the young should be brought to the masjid and they should pray with their parents, so that they are able to get into the habit of becoming worshippers of Allaah. If one does not encourage children to fast when they are young, they will find it very difficult to fast for thirty days at the age of puberty. This is why the Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "Command your children to pray at the age of seven and beat them at the age of ten (if they do not pray." (Haakim)

LESSON 11: Caring for one’s health

Fasting has many medical benefits and it teaches Muslims to take care of their health and too build strong bodies. The Prophet (May Allaah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, "A strong believer is better and is more beloved to Allah than a weak believer, and there is good in everyone." (Muslim)



All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon
His Messenger, his household and companions.
Fellow Muslims! I implore myself and you all to fear Allah; this honors the soul
and brings it close to its Lord. No God-fearing person will ever fail and anyone
who disregards the importance of piety will never be successful.
Dear Muslims! Whoever observes the condition of people in light of the current
trials, tribulations and calamities that are occurring all over the world will see that
the Muslims are in dire need of a generous guest that brings with it relief and
progress. They are in need of this grand guest with whom they hope to be
strengthened after a series of indescribable calamities and weakening incidents;
hence their need for this great month of tranquility and spiritual development. It is
the month of self-examination, conscience reawakening and freedom from
selfishness and lustful desires. Allah says that which translates as: "O you who
have believed! Decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before
you, that you may become righteous." (Al-Baqarah/ 183)
Fellow Muslims! The month of Ramadan is the month of Quran; a Book whose
light will never fade and which is a path that never leads one astray. The Glorious
Quran is to man as the soul is to the body; it is a light for guidance. Whoever does
not read Quran or doesnt put its injunctions into practice is dead, despite the fact
that they may speak and move. Whoever does not put it into practice, has gone far
astray even if they are apparently successful in all areas of life.
Allah says that which translates as: "Is one who is dead and We gave him life and
made for him light by which to walk among the people like one who is in
darkness, never to emerge there from?" (Al-An’aam/ 122)
A human being without the guidance of Quran is like any living being without air
or water; all their endeavors will end up in bankruptcy. Allah says that which
translates as: "Say: 'It is for those who believe, a guidance and a cure'. And those
who do not believe – in their ears is deafness, and it (i.e. Quran) is upon them
blindness. Those are being called from a distant place." (Fussilat/ 44)
Fellow Muslims! There is no doubt that the relationship of many Muslims with
Quran is one of abandonments of either its recitation or implementation of its
injunctions. It is no exaggeration to say that the diseases of past nations have
affected the Muslims, while they are unaware of this. Allah says that which
translates as: “And there are among them unlettered people who do not know not
the Scripture except (indulging in) wishful thinking, but they are only assuming.”
(Al Baqarah/ 78) The scholars of Tafsir say about this verse: 'It means: they know
nothing about the Book except for its recitation, for it never passed their lungs and
throats. This is because of the fact that there was a spiritual absence in their
recitation and; therefore, they were unable to ponder over its meanings'.
Among the causes of the absence of reflection on the meanings of Quran is the
failure to explore and understand the laws of Allah in relation to human-beings
and natural phenomena. Also, to blame is the sanctification of erroneous concepts
and wrong interpretations of life that have become widespread among people and
which are caused by unrestrained love for this world and the hatred of death.
Ziyaad Ibn Labeed Al-Ansari ( may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the
Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) mentioned something and then said: "….and that is
when there will be no more knowledge. We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! How
will knowledge disappear while we have Quran with us and we teach it to our
children and while they will also teach it to theirs?’ The Prophet (p.b.u.h.)
retorted: I thought you were one of the most knowledgeable of the people of
Madinah! Are there not Jews and Christians who have their scriptures with them
and yet they take no benefit from what is inside them?’" (At-Tirmidhi and others).
One is stricken with grief and shock when they see the stance that many Muslims
have adopted with regard to the Book of their Lord. They have been covered by
darkness and wander aimlessly; the foreign systems and ideologies that they have
embraced have done nothing for them. How can it be that we have the light and
yet follow the paths of other nations?
The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) lived for sixty-three years; we are used to
believing that old age and the vicissitudes of life cause hair to turn grey. What then
will you think of a man who attributed grey hair to some verses of the glorious
Quran that he used to recite? Abu Bakr ( may Allah be pleased with him) asked
the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) about what caused some of his beard to become
grey, he (p.b.u.h.) replied: ‘It was caused by Soorah Hood, Soorah Al-Waaqi’ah,
Soorah An-Naba’ and Soorah At-Takweer.” (At-Tirmidhi)
Brothers in faith! The blessed month of Ramadan should be regarded as a
wonderful opportunity for every Muslim to save himself from destruction and to
purify their soul in preparation for Quranic guidance that is inherent in night
prayer. Allah says that which translates as: “Indeed, the hours of the night (i.e. the
rising for Tahajjud prayer) are more effective for concurrence (of heart and
tongue) and more suitable for words (i.e. for recitation of Quran and for hearing
and understanding it).” (Al-Muzzammil/ 6).
Brothers in faith! The blessed month of Ramadan is a great opportunity for the
Muslims to wake up for night prayers, seek refuge with Allah and turn to Him for
their needs, for none has the power to answer their call except Allah alone. The
Lord descends to the nearest heaven, in a way that befits his majesty, in the last
third of the night and asks: "Is there anyone who seeks My forgiveness so that I
can forgive him?" Do any of us ever reflect upon and appreciate this great period
which is one of those in which supplications are answered? Tell me, what are the
people doing in this last part of the night? Many a miserable soul missed this
blessed period! Many people are in deep slumber at this time. It is saddening that
some of those who are negligent of this great period are however, ready to go
anywhere where they can lodge their complaints and seek solutions to their
problems - from their fellow human beings, forgetting that it is only Allah who is
capable of removing sorrow and distress. He says that which translates as: "What
is (the matter) with you that you do not attribute to Allah (due) grandeur while He
has created you in stages?" (Nooh/ 13-14)
Imam Tirmidhi reported that the Prophet of Allah (p.b.u.h.) said: "There are three
persons whose supplications are never rejected: The just leader, the fasting person
when he breaks his fast and the oppressed when he supplicates and whose
supplication is raised above the clouds and the gates of heaven are opened for it
and Allah will say, 'By My Glory! I shall assist you even if it is after a while.'"
Brothers in faith! There are; however, some people who raise their hands in prayer
and are impatient for a rapid answer; they may even feel despair if their
supplications are not speedily answered. The Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) said:
"Allah will answer the supplication of any one of you as long as he is not hasty
and says: ‘I called my Lord and He did not answer.’"
The delay may also be caused by sins such as the failure to uphold the rights of
kinship, or perhaps it may be due to the fact that the prayer emanated only from
the tongue and was not rooted in the heart. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.): "Allah does not
accept the supplications from an inattentive heart." The heart is not free from
turning to the desires of this life and we all know that one who always looks back
does not reach his goal in time.
Therefore, I implore you O Muslims, to make plentiful supplications to Allah, for
supplication is the essence of worship. Let nobody slight their requirements
however great or small they may be. Allah says that which translates as: "And
your Lord says: ‘Call upon Me; I will respond to you.’ Indeed, those who disdain
My worship will enter Hell (rendered) contemptible.'" (Ghaafir/ 60)
Here is an example for those in sorrow and distress: The Messenger of Allah
(p.b.u.h.) entered the mosque one day and saw an Ansari (a resident of Madinah)
man there by the name of Abu Umaamah. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) asked him: " O
Abu Umaamah, why are you sitting in the mosque at a time that is not a prayer
time?" He replied: 'I was forced to do so by sorrow and debt.' The Messenger of
Allah (p.b.u.h.) then asked: 'Shall I teach you a supplication by which Allah will
remove your sorrow and pay for you your debts?' He answered: 'O yes, Messenger
of Allah!' The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) then said: 'Say every morning and evening:
Allahumma innee a’oodhu bikka minal-hammi wal hazan, wa a’oodhu bika minal-
‘ajzi wal-kasal wa a’oodhu bika minal-jubni wal-bukhul wa a’oodhu bika min
ghalabatid-dayn wa qahrir-rijaal.’ (Meaning: O Allah, I seek refuge with You from
anxiety and sorrow, weakness and laziness, miserliness and cowardice, the burden
of debts and from being over powered by men.) Abu Umaamah said: 'I did that
and Allah removed my distress and paid for me my debt.'" (Abu Dawood)
Fellow Muslims! The month of Ramadan is a month of generosity and spending in
ways that are virtuous. Let every Muslim take part in the generosity of this month
and not hesitate to wipe the tears off the faces of orphans, widows and the
destitute. Let everyone keep away from stinginess and covetousness for these are
two of the bad qualities from which the Messenger of Allah (p.b.u.h.) sought
refuge with his Lord from. The Prophet (p.b.u.h.) was the most generous of
mankind and his generosity multiplied during the month of Ramadan. He would
never say ‘no’ when he was asked of anything.
Further, the benefits of charity are not restricted to the beneficiary; the donor also
has a share. An example of this is when a generous person gives in charity, their
heart becomes gladdened and they become pleased with that. Therefore, this
person will be encouraged to give more and gain extra rewards. As for the miser,
whenever he thinks of giving in charity his heart feels constrained; he feels as if he
is giving away a chunk of his life!, this in turn leads to his whole life feeling
constrained. However, nothing destroys the tricks and insinuations of Satan more
than giving sincerely in charity.
Allah says that which translates as: "Satan threatens you with poverty and orders
you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty.
And Allah is All-Encompassing and Knowing." (Al-Baqarah/ 268)





“O Muslims’ fasting is prescribed for you just as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become fearful.”(Al Baqarah 183)
Before proceeding with the masa'il (rules) related to Ramadhan, it is best to narrate some of the fadha'il (excellences and virtues) of Ramadhan. Knowledge of the virtues will develop the understanding of the value and importance of this most blessed month, creating enthusiasm and
eagerness, which in turn will result, Insha-Allah, in proper fulfillment of the laws, etiquette and demands of Ramadhan. Abu Saeed Khudri t narrates that Rasulullah r said :
“The Doors of the Heavens are opened up on the first night of Ramadhan. Not a single door (among the doors of Heaven) is then closed until the last night of Ramadhan.
For every salaah performed (this refers to Tarawih salaah) during the nights of Ramadhan, Allah I records one and a half thousand good deeds for every Sajdah (of that salaah). In addition, for the fasting person Allah I creates in Jannah a palace of red Ya’qut (a precious stone of Jannah). This palace will have seven thousand entrances (so huge will be the entrances) in each entrance will be a mansion of gold adorned with red Ya’qut.
When a Muslim fasts the first day of Ramadhan, Allah I forgives all his sins committed from the first day of the previous Ramadhan. Daily (during Ramadhan) from the time of Fajr salaah until sunset, seventy thousand Mala’ikah (Angels) supplicate for their forgiveness.
In return for every Sajdah which the fasting person makes of any salaah, whether during the day or night, they will obtain (such a wonderful) massive tree that a horseman will take five hundred years to pass under its shade.”
O people there comes upon you a great month, a most blessed month, in which lies a night greater in reward than one thousand months. Allah I has made compulsory fasting in this month and has decreed wakefulness at night (Tarawih salaah) sunnah. Whosoever tries drawing nearer to Allah I by performing any Nafl (optional) deed in this month, for him shall be such a reward, as if he had performed a Fardh (compulsory) deed any other time of the year.
Moreover, whomsoever performs a Fardh, for him shall be the reward of seventy Faraidh, in any other time of the year. This is indeed the month of patience, and the reward for true patience is Jannah; it is the month of sympathy with one’s fellow people; it is the month wherein a true believer’s rizq (provision) is increased. Those who want to please their Lord, should in great quantity recite the Kalimah Tayyibah:

‘LA ILAHA ILLALLAH’, and make plenty
‘ISTIGHFAR’ (beg Allah’s I forgiveness). As for those, without which you cannot make do, you should beg Allah I for entry into Jannah and seek refuge with Him from the fire of Jahannam.
When the month of Ramadhan begins, the doors of Jannah are opened and the doors of Jahannam are closed and the Shayatin are chained up. Fasting helps us to judge our strength in controlling our lust, greed and passion. It teaches us self discipline so that we gain control over the factors which Satan uses as his tools against mankind. Fasting is a weapon and just as any other weapon is useless, unless the user knows how to use it, the same is with fasting. This book has been written with the aim of teaching Muslims how they can use the weapon of Fasting in
a manner that is correct and beneficial in their war against Satan, thereby attaining the pleasure of Allah I. Even scientists agree that mankind require a rest period due to ‘mental fatigue’. Allah I, The All Knowing, The Wise, Our Creator, created us and knows that we are bodily weak, and spiritually feeble, in need of occasions to boost and recharge our weak Iman so that we may adhere to the commands of Allah I in the way shown to us by our beloved Prophet Rasulullah SAW

Verily, Allah I and His angels send mercy upon those who eat Suhur.
Eat Suhur because in Suhur there is barakah

The fish in the sea seek forgiveness for those fasting until they break
their fast. Allah I decorates Jannah every day and then says, “The
time is near when my pious servants shall cast aside the great trials and
come to me.” During each day and night of Ramadhan, Allah I sets
free a great number of souls from hell. In addition, for every Muslim,
during each day and night, at least one du’a is certainly accepted.
Insha Allah

Saum is a shield, as long as the fasting person does not tear it up.
Note: Fasting is a protection from Shaytan and from Allah’s I
punishment in the Hereafter. However, one who indulges in sins;
such as lying, backbiting etc., whilst fasting; these sins then become
the cause of the fast becoming wasted. Fasting is a shield and a
powerful fortress. All good deeds are for the one who renders them,
but fasting is exclusively for Allah I. I swear by that being in whose
possession is the life of Muhammad r! The odour of the mouth of a
fasting person is sweeter to Allah I than the fragrance of musk.
Fasting is exclusively for Allah I, the reward of it (being limitless) no
one knows besides Allah I. Mishkat

Whosoever gives something to a fasting person in order to break the
fast, for them there shall be forgiveness for their sins and emancipation
from the fire of Jahannam, and for him (the one who gives) shall be the
same reward as for them (whom they fed), without that persons (the
one who was fed) reward being diminished in the least. Whoever gave
a person who fasted water to drink, Allah I shall give them a drink
from His fountain on the day of Judgement, where after they shall
never again feel thirsty until they enter Jannah. The fasting person
experiences two occasions of delight; at the time of Iftar and at the
time they meet their Rabb.
Prayer made by a fasting person at the time of breaking fast is

Whoever stands in prayer and worship in the nights of Ramadhan, with
Iman and with sincere hope of gaining reward, all his previous sins will
be forgiven. Allah I has ordained fasting in Ramadhan compulsory,
and I have decreed (by the command of Allah I) wakefulness at night
(tarawih, etc.) Sunnah. Whomsoever, in the state of Iman and with hope
of gaining reward, fasts in Ramadhan and stays awake at night emerges
from sin, purified as the day when their mother gave birth to them.
For every salaah performed during the nights of Ramadhan, Allah I
records one and a half thousand good deeds for every Sajdah.

Whoever stands in prayer in the night of power with Iman and with
sincere hope of gaining reward all his previous sins are forgiven. Look
for the night of power amongst the odd numbered nights of the last ten
days of Ramadhan.
One aim of this book is to briefly guide those who wish to learn and also
to answer common queries. It is also hoped that the misrepresentations
and incorrect beliefs regarding this beautiful gift of fasting from Allah I
are cleared.

1. The usual principle on which the determination of the Islamic months
are based, has always been the sighting of the moon. (Ru’ya)
2. It is possible to prepare correct timetables showing sunset, Sunrise,
Zawaal and salaah times, but it is not possible to prepare timetables
for the sighting of the moon. The timetable is unable to provide the
human act of sighting the moon essential for the commencement
of the Islamic month.
3. The ‘Birth’ of the moon or assumed feasibility of sighting the moon
are not the principles for determining the Islamic months.
4. If the moon is not sighted due to poor weather conditions,
Rasulullah r, commanded that the month be completed with
thirty days. This has been the practice of the Ummah for the past
years since Rasulullah SAW.

O Allah! Let the crescent moon appear over us
with security and Iman; with peace and Islam;
and with ability for us to practice
such actions which You love.
(O’ Moon!) My Creator and Your Creator is Allah.

1. It is incumbent on Muslims to search for the moon of Ramadhan on
the end of the 29th of Sha’ban.
2. The testimony of a fasiq (flagrant transgressor) regarding the
sighting of the moon is not acceptable.
3. The testimony of a person (whose personal condition is not
known) is acceptable according to Imam Abu Hanifah (R.A.).
4. If someone sees the moon of Ramadhan alone, but for some
reason his testimony was rejected, he will have to fast on that day.
If he does not, he will have to observe Qadha of the fast. However,
there is no Kaffarah on him in this case, if he completes thirty days
for Ramadhan and the moon for Eid was not sighted, he will have
to continue fasting with the people even if it means that he fasts for
thirty one days.
5. The moon for Sha’ban was sighted. The month of Rajab was
completed with thirty days and Ramadhan was commenced
without the moon of Ramadhan being sighted. At the end of 28th
day of Ramadhan the moon or Shawwal was sighted. In this case
the people have to make Qadha of one fast.
6. The moon for Sha’ban was not sighted. However, the month was
completed with thirty days and Ramadhan was commenced
without the moon of Ramadhan being sighted so Sha`ban was also
30 days. At the end of the 28th day of fasting the moon for Shawwal
was sighted. In this case two fasts have to be made Qadha.
7. One should not take offence if one’s report of sighting of the moon
is not accepted by the scholars. Non-acceptance of information
regarding the sighting of the moon is not always because of the
reporters being a fasiq or unreliable. At times the sighting of a single
person or even of a few persons is not acceptable to the Shariah.
Thus, rejection of testimony is based on Shari grounds.
8. If the sky is not clear and thirty days of Ramadhan have passed then
in declaring Eid-ul-Fitr there is no difference of opinion even if one
person testified for the commencement of Ramadhan.
9. There is no validity in seeing the moon in the day, whether it be
before or after Zawaal the moon that will be regarded as the moon
of the coming night can only be seen at night.

1. Fasting in the month of Ramadhan is one of the five pillars of Islam.
2. Fasting in the month of Ramadhan is FARDH upon every Muslim,
male and female who is sane and mature.
3. Almighty Allah I has promised great reward for those that fast,
whilst severe punishment for those that do NOT fast in the month
of Ramadhan.
4. Fasting has many physical, moral and social benefits. However,
Allah I has made fasting compulsory so that we become pious,
Allah I fearing and Allah I conscious.
5. Fasting in ISLAM means to stay away from EATING, DRINKING
and COHABITATION (sex) from Subhus Sadiq (true dawn) to
sunset with a Niyyah (intention) of Sawm (fasting).

1. The Niyyah of fasting is NECESSARY. If a person stays away from all
those things that invalidate one's fast without a Niyyah, the fast will
NOT be valid.
2. It is not necessary to express the Niyyah verbally as Niyyah means
to intend. Thus, the intention at heart will suffice. However, it is
better to express the Niyyah verbally also.
3. The time for Niyyah lasts upto midday for Fardh Mu'ayyan, Wajib
Mu'ayyan, Sunnah or Mustahab fasts. The hours of a day are from
Subh Sadiq to sunset.
4. The Niyyah for Fardh Ghair Mu'ayyan and Wajib Ghair Mu'ayyan
should be made before Subh Sadiq.

It is Masnun (Sunnah) to partake of Suhur during the last portion of the
night. It is a means of attaining great blessings and Thawab. The Sunnah
will be attained if one partakes of Suhur at any time after midnight. But
it is better and desirable to partake of Suhur in the last portion of the
night. If the Mu’adhdhin has called out the Adhan before its time, it will
not be prohibited to partake of Suhur till just before Subh Sadiq
appears. It will suffice if one makes an intention to fast in ones mind
after the Suhur. Delaying Suhur to such an extent that there is fear of
the appearance of Subh Sadiq, should be avoided. To partake of Suhur
at its correct time and then spend time chewing or smoking till the last
minute should be avoided.

A person partaking in Suhur during the middle of the night (i.e. before
the time of Suhur) deprives himself of the complete Thawab of
Suhur through this action.
Rasulullah r is reported to have said: “Verily, Allah and His Malaikah
send mercy upon those who eat Suhur”.
Many Ulama agree that to partake of Suhur is Mustahab and many
people are deprived of this reward because of laziness (i.e. not getting
up from one’s sleep to perform this Sunnah).
Another Hadith indicates that the difference between our fasting and
that of the Ahlul-Kitab (Jews and Christians) lies in partaking of Suhur.
The following are blessings of Suhur:
a) In it, the Sunnah if followed
b) Through it, we oppose the ways of Ahlul-Kitab, which we are at all
times called upon to do.
c) It provides strength for Ibadah.
d) It promotes more sincerity in Ibadah.
e) It aids in the elimination of bad temper
f) Suhur is a time when prayers are accepted.
g) It gives one the opportunity to remember Allah I, make dhikr and
Lift up the hands to him in du`a.
The following intention for the Fast has to be expressed during the night.

Sahl Bin Sa’d t reported that Rasulullah said: “People will remain
prosperous as long as they hasten with Iftaar” (i.e. they break their fast
immediately when the time for Iftaar enters).
It is Sunnah to make Iftaar (to break one’s fast) immediately after
sunset. One should not delay in Iftaar. It is indeed harmful if one
partakes in the Iftaar meal for so long, that he misses his Maghrib
salaah. It is better to break the fast in the Masjid, so that the Maghrib
salaah is not missed. To perform Maghrib salaah at home, so that one
can indulge in the provisions of Iftaar while missing the blessings of
salaah with Jama’ah, is a shameful act.

“O Allah for You have I fasted, in You do I believe, and on You do I
rely and now I break this fast with food coming from You.”

There are Eight types of Fasts . They are as follows:
1. FARDH MU-'AYYAN: Fasting for the whole month of Ramadhan
once a year.
2. FARDH GHAIR MU-'AYYAN: The duty upon one to keep QADHA
of a fast missed in the month of Ramadhan with or without a valid
3. WAJIB MU-'AYYAN: To vow to keep a fast on a specific day or
date for the pleasure of Allah I, upon the fulfilment of some wish
or desire
4. WAJIB GHAIR MU-'AYYAN: To vow or pledge to keep a fast
without fixing any day or date, upon the fulfilment of a wish. Those
fasts which are kept for breaking one's Qasm (oath) also fall under
this category.
5. SUNNAH: Those fasts which Rasulullah kept and encouraged
others to keep, e.g., fasting on the 9th and 10th of Muharram, and
the 9th of Dhil Hijjah, etc.
6. MUSTAHAB: All fasts besides Fardh, wajib and Sunnah are
Mustahab, eg., fasting on Mondays and Thursdays.
7. MAKRUH: Fasting ONLY on the 9th or 10th of Muharram or
Fasting ONLY on Saturdays.
8. HARAM: It is Haram to fast on FIVE days during the year. They
are Eidul Fitr, Eidul Adhaa and three days after Eidul Adha.


Prophet Muhammad SAW
On Advent Of Ramadhan

The Prophet’s (PBUH) sermon on the advent of Ramadan
‘O People! The month of Allah (Ramadan) has come with its mercies, blessings
and forgivenesses. Allah has decreed this month the best of all months. The days
of this month are the best among the days and the nights are the best among the
nights and the hours during Ramadan are the best among the hours. This is a
month in which you have been invited by Him (to fast and pray). Allah has
honoured you in it. In every breath you take is a reward of Allah, your sleep is
worship, your good deeds are accepted and your invocations are answered.
Therefore, you must invoke your Lord in all earnestness with hearts free from sin
and evil, and pray that Allah may help you to keep fast, and to recite the Holy
Qur’an. Indeed!, miserable is the one who is deprived of Allah’s forgiveness in
this great month. While fasting remember the hunger and thirst on the Day of
Judgement. Give alms to the poor and needy. Pay respect to your elders, have
sympathy for your youngsters and be kind towards your relatives and kinsmen.
Guard your tongue against unworthy words, and your eyes from scenes that are
not worth seeing (forbidden) and your ears from sounds that should not be heard.
Be kind to orphans so that if your children may become orphans they will also be
treated with kindness. Do repent to Allah for your sins and supplicate with raised
hands at the times of prayer as these are the best times, during which Allah
Almighty looks at His servants with mercy. Allah Answers if they supplicate,
Responds if they call, Grants if He is asked, and Accepts if they entreat. O people!
you have made your conscience the slave of your desires.
Make it free by invoking Allah for forgiveness. Your back may break from the
heavy load of your sins, so prostrate yourself before Allah for long intervals, and
make this load lighter. Understand fully that Allah has promised in His Honour
and Majesty that, people who perform salat and sajda (prostration) will be guarded from Hell-fire on the Day of Judgement.
O people!, if anyone amongst you arranges for iftar (meal at sunset) for any
believer, Allah will reward him as if he had freed a slave, and Allah will forgive
him his sins. A companion asked: “but not all of us have the means to do so” The
Prophet (SAAWS) replied: Keep yourself away from Hell-fire though it may
consist of half a date or even some water if you have nothing else.
O people!, anyone who during this month cultivates good manners, will walk over
the Sirat (bridge to Paradise) on the day when feet will tend to slip. For anyone
who during this month eases the workload of his servants, Allah will make easy
his accounting, and for anyone who doesn’t hurt others during this month, Allah
will safeguard him from His Wrath on the Day of Judgement. Anyone who
respects and treats an orphan with kindness during this month, Allah shall look at him with kindness on that Day. Anyone who treats his kinsmen well during this
month, Allah will bestow His Mercy on him on that Day, while anyone who
mistreats his kinsmen during this month, Allah will keep away from His Mercy.
Whomever offers the recommended prayers during this month, Allah will save
him from Hell, and whomever observes his obligations during this month, his
reward will be seventy times the reward during other months. Whomever
repeatedly invokes Allah’s blessings on me, Allah will keep his scale of good
deeds heavy, while the scales of others will be tending to lightness. Whomever
recites during this month an ayat (verse) of the Holy Qur’an, will get the reward of reciting the whole Qur’an in other months.
O people!, the gates of Paradise remain open during this month. Pray to your Lord that they may not be closed for you. While the gates of Hell are closed, pray to
your Lord that they never open for you. Satan has been chained, invoke your Lord
not to let him dominate you. Ali ibn Talib (RAA) said: “I asked, ‘O messenger of
Allah, what are the best deeds during this month’?” ‘He replied: ‘O Abu-Hassan,
the best of deeds during this month is to be far from what Allah has forbidden’.”
May Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala open up the hearts and minds of the Believers this
Ramadhan to rise up and strive urgently towards the return of the noble Deen of
Islam once more into the life of the Islamic Ummah so as to once again implement the Shari'ah of Allah which was revealed upon creation in this blessed month of


The Month of Love

To many of you reading this the title may seem absurd, and may have even caught
you off-guard, as love generally is not associated with the month of worship and
blessing. Yet, if we were to contemplate the actions that we partake during this
blessed month we would see that the vast majority of them revolve around love,
we are often people that just fail to reflect.
The first thing that is needed to actually conceptualize where I am coming from
would be to understand what love really is, or at the very least how it is being
defined in this treatise. We all know that love has many manifestations, degrees,
and types. The way a child loves his or her parents is not the same as the way a
woman may love her husband, and likewise, the way a person may love chocolate,
per se, is not the same way a person would love his or her Lord (or at least we
hope not). However in all of these types of love there is a common and key theme,
that of sacrifice and fulfilment. The more we love something, the more we are
willing to sacrifice for it, and the more we will strive to fulfil the every command
and wish of our beloved. This should not be misunderstood as sacrifice and
fulfilment being the only components of love, but rather they are from amongst the essential components that make up love, along with longing and cherishing. And this is why we should see that love, along with hope and fear, is a pillar of our
worship. Our worship will not be complete nor acceptable until it encompasses the right amounts of love, hope, and fear. After having comprehended this, we can see how shirk can be performed even in love, yet most of mankind knows not.
If we were to take just a moment to reflect what Islam means linguistically (let
alone conventionally), we would see that submission (the true linguistic definition of Islam, and not peace contrary to common belief), entails a common theme with love and that being sacrifice. When we truly submit to Allah we are willing to sacrifice anything and everything for Him. This can be seen in one of the most fundamental mottos of a Muslim:
"Say: Indeed my prayer, and my sacrifice, and my living, and my dying are
for none other than Allah, Lord of all that exists." [Al-Qur'ân 6:162]
So when one goes about sacrificing and fulfilling the wants of other than Allah,
just as much or, more than what he does for Allah then such an individual has
fallen into shirk. And if one fails to meet the necessary sacrifices and falls short in
fulfilling the required obligations then such an individual has fallen into disbelief.
It is in light of these words that we understand the verse:
"From mankind are those people who have taken deities other than Allah,
they love them as they love Allah, and those who have faith (i.e. are Muslims)
are stronger in their love for Allah." [Al-Qur'ân 2:165]
We are now beginning to get a clearer picture of how love is associated with this
blessed month. It is a woman's love for her child and husband that will make her
wake up in the late hours of the night to prepare a nice meal for suhûr (the predawn meal). It is a man's love for his community that will drive him to take time off of work to ensure his fellow Muslims have sufficient food for iftâr (the meal at sunset). And it is our love for Allah, as Muslims, which drives us to sacrifice the two pinnacles of desire, food and marital relations, for no other reason than the pleasure of our very Creator.
Our love for Allah (glorified and praised is He) does not stop here but, rather,
merely just begins. One of the key pillars of loving Allah lies in following the
Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him, and an exemplary role model he is, as
can be seen by Allah's statement:
"Say (O Mohammad to the people): 'If you really love Allah, then follow me.
And He (Allah) in return will love you, and will forgive you for you sins, and
indeed Allah is oft-forgiving and most merciful.' Say: 'Obey Allah and the
Messenger', and if they turn away, then verily Allah does not love the
disbelievers." [Al-Qur'ân 3:31-32]
So what are some of the traditions that we have been left with to follow?
1. Waking up to have suhûr, even if it is something little. The Messenger of Allah,
peace be upon him, said:
"Eat suhûr for in suhûr there is blessing." [Narrated by al-Bukhârî and by
2. Not delaying the iftâr. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said:
"The people will remain upon goodness as long as they hasten in breaking
their fasts" [Narrated by al-Bukhârî and by Muslim]
3. Supplicating throughout the day and night, especially during iftâr time. The
Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
"Three prayers are not rejected: the prayer of a father, the prayer of a
fasting person, and the prayer of a traveller." [Narrated by al-Bayhaqi 3/345
and classified as authentic in Silsilat al-Ahâdîth as-Sahîhah #1797]
"Indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication
which is not rejected." [Narrated by Ibn Mâjah and al-Hâkim]
And upon breaking his fast, "The thirst is gone, the veins have been moistened
and the reward is assured, if Allah wills." [Narrated by Abu Dawûd, al-Bayhaqi
and classified as hasan in Irwâ ul-Ghalîl 4/39]
'Âishah, may Allah be pleased with her, reported that Allah's Messenger, peace be
upon him, instructed her to say: "O Allah indeed you are one that pardons, and
you love to pardon, so pardon me."
[Narrated by Ahmad, at-Tirmidhî and Ibn Mâjah]
4. Spending the nights in prayer, as well as encouraging the family to do so. The
Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
"Whoever stands in prayer with the Imâm until its conclusion, will be like the
one who prayed the whole night" [Narrated by at-Tirmidhî (who graded it as
sahîh), Abu Dawûd, an-Nasâî, and Ibn Mâjah]
"Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadhân out of sincere
faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards, all his past sins will be forgiven."
[Narrated by al-Bukhârî]
5. Being generous and feeding the people iftâr. The Messenger of Allah said:
"Whoever gives iftâr to one who is fasting will have a reward like his, without
detracting from the reward of the person fasting."
[Narrated by al-Bukhârî and by Muslim]
He was also described as "being the most generous of people, and he was at his
most generous during Ramadhân."
[Narrated by at-Tirmidhî, Ibn Mâjah, and Ibn Hibbân]
6. Staying away from all immoral acts, especially those of the tongue. The
Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said:
"Fasting is not abstaining from eating and drinking alone, but it is also
abstaining from vain speech and foul language. If one of you is being cursed
or annoyed, he should say: I am fasting, I am fasting."
[Narrated by al- Bukhârî and by Muslim]
"Allah does not need the fast of the one who does not abandon falsehood in
speech or in action." [Narrated with this wording by Ibn Khuzaymah, Ibn
Hibbân, and al-Hâkim.
The key portion of the hadîth can also be found in al- Bukhârî and Muslim]
"Perhaps a fasting person will get nothing from his fast except hunger, and
perhaps the one who stands to pray at night will get nothing from his prayer
except tiredness." [Narrated by an-Nasâî, Ibn Mâjah, and al-Hâkim]
7. Performing 'umrah. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said:
"Perform 'umrah when Ramadhân comes, for 'umrah in Ramadhân is equal
to hajj (in reward)." [Narrated by al-Bukhârî]
Like all things in life, this treatise has come to an end. But prior to concluding it is only befitting that we be reminded of a plague that lies in the hearts and minds of
many Muslims today. And that is one of affirming words but not affirming their
respective meanings. How often do we hear Muslims cry and shout of their love of
Allah, yet it is a love that has no meaning as their actions show likewise. This is
something that Allah (glorified and praised is He) warns us of Himself when He
"O you who believe, why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful
to Allah is that you should say that which you do not do." [Al-Qur'ân 61:2-3]
As Muslims we are to be people whose actions speak louder than their words. If
we truly love Allah then we need to show it with our actions. As everyone claims
love but very few go about proving it.
Lastly, it is not hidden from anyone that indeed Ramadhân is a month of blessings.
In it everything is blessed from, our food to our actions. It is in this very month
that we should plant the seeds for goodness that we hope will last us throughout
the year. It was the Prophet, peace be upon him, who said:
"The best of deeds are the most consistent of them." [Narrated by at-Tirmidhî]
So we should always be looking for self-improvement, and enrichment, and not
just in Ramadhân. At the end of the day we have enough "Ramadhân Muslims",
now we are in need of Muslims who live in Ramadhân all year long.
And Allah knows best.



Story collected hit the excess Wiridul Latif , is Have said the Habib Abu Bakar the bin Abdullah Al-Jufri residing in Seiwun ( Hadhramaut): “ At one particular a period of a contingent us is going to Makkah to give or obtain cash for the Haji, our ark is agrounded cannot continue its transportation;journey is because of there no wind refusing it. Hence we anchor in a coast, last is we fill in the gerbah-gerbah ( place fill the made water from husk) we are with the water, and we even also leave to walk the day and night, our kerana hesitate the under developed of Haji. In a stop, we try drink the water in that gerbah and we discover the brackish airnya and masin, last is we pass that. We sit do not know what must will be made.In the following its reading of Wiridul Lathif :


Fadhilah and Especial of Ratib Al-Haddad

Fadhilah and Especial of Ratib Al-Haddad. Story collected hit the excess Ratibal-Haddad of a lot of registered in by book of Syarah Ratib Al-Haddad, is Have said the Habib Abu Bakar the bin Abdullah Al-Jufri residing in Seiwun ( Hadhramaut): “ At one particular a period of a contingent us is going to Makkah to give or obtain cash for the Haji, our ark is agrounded cannot continue its transportation;journey is because of there no wind refusing it. Hence we anchor in a coast, last is we fill in the gerbah-gerbah ( place fill the made water from husk) we are with the water, and we even also leave to walk the day and night, our kerana hesitate the under developed of Haji. In a stop, we try drink the water in that gerbah and we discover the brackish airnya and masin, last is we pass that. We sit do not know what must will be made.
In the following its reading of Rotib Al Hadad :